Farming and Agriculture

Farming in Chinnor paid an important part of life, supporting and feeding local families as well as providing employment.  Like all farmers and their employees work started early in the morning with many workers walking a few miles to reach an outlying farm.  Their day did not end until all beasts on an animal farm has been put to bed.  In the case of an agriculture farm all crops had been attended to, ploughing, planting, nurturing, and harvesting.

How Land Measurements were calculated

  • 5 1/2 yards = 1 perch, pole or rod (the distance from the back of the plough to the horse's nose
  • 4 poles (22 yards) = 1 chain 
  • 10 chains or 40 poles = 1 furlong (the distance which could be ploughed by 1 ox without a rest
  • 8 furlongs = 1 mile
  • 1 acre the area that could be ploughed by a team of eight oxen in on day (officially 1 furlong x 4 poles)

A National Farm Survey was carried out during WW2 between the years 1941-1943-1943